State Abbreviation NC
Statehood November 21, 1789
State Capital Raleigh
State Size Total (Land + Water): 53,819 sq miles; Land Only: 48,711 sq miles
Number of Counties 100
State Population (2010) 9,535,483
Electoral Votes 15
State Quarter Issue Date 12-Mar-01
State Motto Esse quam videri (To be, rather than to seem)
State Flower Dogwood
State Bird Cardinal
Nickname Tar Heel State
Area Codes 252, 336, 704, 828, 910, 919, 980, 984
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Charlotte (731,424)
Raleigh (403,892)
Greensboro (269,666)
Winston-Salem (229,617)
Durham (228,330)
Major Sports Teams NFL: Carolina Panthers
NHL: Carolina Hurricanes
Federal Prisons None
Federal Correctional Institution Federal Correctional Institution, Butner Low
Federal Correctional Institution, Butner Medium
Federal Correctional Complex Federal Correctional Complex, Butner
State Prisons Bertie Correctional Institution
Carteret Correctional Center (inmate capacity 300)
Craven Correctional Institution (inmate capacity 796)
Eastern Correctional Institution (inmate capacity 429)
Greene Correctional Institution (inmate capacity 616)
Hyde Correctional Institution (inmate capacity 736)
Maury Correctional Insititution (inmate capacity 896)
Pamlico Correctional Institution (inmate capacity 552)
Pasquotank Correctional Institution (inmate capacity 896)
Tyrrell Prison Work Farm (inmate capacity 620)

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