State AbbreviationTX
StatehoodDecember 29, 1845
State CapitalAustin
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles
Number of Counties254
State Population (2010)25,145,561
Electoral Votes38
State Quarter Issue Date1-Jun-04
State MottoFriendship
State FlowerBluebonnet
State BirdMockingbird
NicknameLone Star State
Area Codes210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979
Top 5 Cities (2010 population)Houston (2,145,146)
San Antonio (1,359,758)
Dallas (1,223,229)
Austin (820,611)
Fort Worth (758,738)
Major Sports TeamsMLB: Houston Astros, Texas Rangers
NFL: Houston Texans, Dallas Cowboys
NBA: Houston Rockets, Dallas Mavericks, San Antonio Spurs
NHL: Dallas Stars
Federal PrisonsUnited States Penitentiary, Beaumont
Federal Correctional InstitutionFederal Correctional Institution, Bastrop
Federal Correctional Institution, Beaumont Low
Federal Correctional Institution, Beaumont Medium
Federal Correctional Institution, Big Spring
Federal Correctional Institution, Fort Worth
Federal Correctional Institution, La Tuna
Federal Correctional Institution, Seagoville
Federal Correctional Institution, Texarkana
Federal Correctional Institution, Three Rivers
Federal Prison CampsFederal Prison Camp, Bryan
State PrisonsEastham Unit
Ellis Unit
W.J. Estelle Unit
Ferguson Unit
Goree Unit
Huntsville Unit – Texas State Penitentiary at Huntsville
Gib Lewis Unit
Allan B. Polunsky Unit
Wynne Unit
George Beto Unit
William R. Boyd Unit
Coffield Unit
Mark W. Michael Unit
Louie C. Powledge Unit
Barry Telford Unit
Clemens Unit
Darrington Unit
L.V. Hightower Unit
Jester III Unit (formerly Harlem III)
Ramsey Unit (formerly W. F. Ramsey I Unit)
Wayne Scott Unit
Mark W. Stiles Unit
Richard P. LeBlanc Unit
Stringfellow Unit (formerly W. F. Ramsey II Unit)
Terrell Unit (formerly W. F. Ramsey III Unit)
Carol Vance Unit (formerly Harlem II and Jester II)
Dolph Briscoe Unit
John B. Connally Unit
James Lynaugh Unit
William G. McConnell Unit
Clarence N. Stevenson Unit
Ruben M. Torres Unit
Region V
James V. Allred Unit
William P. “Bill” Clements Unit
Dalhart Unit
Price Daniel Unit
Rufe Jordan Unit
Nathaniel J. Neal Unit
T.L. Roach, Jr. Unit (Includes a Boot Camp)
Preston E. Smith Unit
Daniel Webster Wallace Unit
Crain Unit (Female) (Formerly the Gatesville Unit)
Hilltop Unit (Female)
William P. Hobby Unit (Female)
Alfred D. Hughes Unit
O. L. Luther Unit
Mountain View Unit (Female)
Dr. Lane Murray Unit (Female)
Wallace Pack Unit
French M. Robertson Unit

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