State Abbreviation LA
Statehood April 30, 1812
State Capital Baton Rouge
State Size Total (Land + Water): 51,840 sq miles; Land Only: 43,562 sq miles
Number of Counties 64
State Population (2010) 4,533,372
Electoral Votes 8
State Quarter Issue Date 20-May-02
State Motto Union, justice, confidence
State Flower Magnolia
State Bird Eastern Brown Pelican
Nickname Pelican State
State Flag Louisiana State Flag
Area Codes 225, 318, 337, 504, 985
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) New Orleans (343,829)
Baton Rouge (229,493)
Shreveport (199,311)
Metairie (138,481)
Lafayette (120,623)
Major Sports Teams NFL: New Orleans Saints
NBA: New Orleans Hornets
Federal Prisons United States Penitentiary, Pollock
Federal Correctional Institutions Federal Correctional Institution, Oakdale
Federal Correctional Institution, Pollock
State Prisons Allen Correctional Center (private)
Avoyelles Correctional Center – As of 2012 the state planned to privatize Avoyelles[1]
B. B. Rayburn Correctional Center
C. Paul Phelps Correctional Center – The state plans to close Phelps[2]
David Wade Correctional Center
Dixon Correctional Institute
Elayn Hunt Correctional Center
Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women
Louisiana State Penitentiary, also known as Angola Prison
Winn Correctional Center (Private)

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