State AbbreviationLA
StatehoodApril 30, 1812
State CapitalBaton Rouge
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 51,840 sq miles; Land Only: 43,562 sq miles
Number of Counties64
State Population (2010)4,533,372
Electoral Votes8
State Quarter Issue Date20-May-02
State MottoUnion, justice, confidence
State FlowerMagnolia
State BirdEastern Brown Pelican
NicknamePelican State
State FlagLouisiana State Flag
Area Codes225, 318, 337, 504, 985
Top 5 Cities (2010 population)New Orleans (343,829)
Baton Rouge (229,493)
Shreveport (199,311)
Metairie (138,481)
Lafayette (120,623)
Major Sports TeamsNFL: New Orleans Saints
NBA: New Orleans Hornets
Federal PrisonsUnited States Penitentiary, Pollock
Federal Correctional InstitutionsFederal Correctional Institution, Oakdale
Federal Correctional Institution, Pollock
State PrisonsAllen Correctional Center (private)
Avoyelles Correctional Center – As of 2012 the state planned to privatize Avoyelles[1]
B. B. Rayburn Correctional Center
C. Paul Phelps Correctional Center – The state plans to close Phelps[2]
David Wade Correctional Center
Dixon Correctional Institute
Elayn Hunt Correctional Center
Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women
Louisiana State Penitentiary, also known as Angola Prison
Winn Correctional Center (Private)

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