State AbbreviationLA
StatehoodApril 30, 1812
State CapitalBaton Rouge
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 51,840 sq miles; Land Only: 43,562 sq miles
Number of Counties64
State Population (2010)4,533,372
Electoral Votes8
State Quarter Issue Date20-May-02
State MottoUnion, justice, confidence
State FlowerMagnolia
State BirdEastern Brown Pelican
NicknamePelican State
State FlagLouisiana State Flag
Area Codes225, 318, 337, 504, 985
Top 5 Cities (2010 population)New Orleans (343,829)
Baton Rouge (229,493)
Shreveport (199,311)
Metairie (138,481)
Lafayette (120,623)
Major Sports TeamsNFL: New Orleans Saints
NBA: New Orleans Hornets
Federal PrisonsUnited States Penitentiary, Pollock
Federal Correctional InstitutionsFederal Correctional Institution, Oakdale
Federal Correctional Institution, Pollock
State PrisonsAllen Correctional Center (private)
Avoyelles Correctional Center – As of 2012 the state planned to privatize Avoyelles
B. B. Rayburn Correctional Center
C. Paul Phelps Correctional Center – The state plans to close Phelps
David Wade Correctional Center
Dixon Correctional Institute
Elayn Hunt Correctional Center
Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women
Louisiana State Penitentiary, also known as Angola Prison
Winn Correctional Center (Private)

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